Konya region – Neolithic and Selcuk/Ottoman


Çatalhöyük, probably the most known Neolithic site in Turkey, was included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites in 2012. The site has a long occupation life from Ceramic Neolithic to Chalcolithic. It is made famous by its sheer size, unique arrangement of the built space, murals, .numerous burials, as well as its team all of which are factors contributing greatly to the understanding of the evolution of early economy, social organisation and culture.

Aşıklı höyük

It is the oldest Aceramic Neolithic site in Central Anatolia and a key site for the period.

Check here for more information by Sera Yelözer, PhD Candidate, İstanbul University.

Mevlana Museum

The mausoleum and dervish lodge of Mevlana, a sufi Mystic who lived in 13th century, was converted to a museum in 1926 by a decree. Mevlana museum is a must see place where the mystic atmosphere of Seljuk and Ottoman periods can be experienced.


Çorum - Bronze Age – the Hitites


Hattusha was the capital of the Hittite empire that ruled Anatolia and further lands in the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. Today it preserves a large number of impressive ruins including temples, royal residences, trading areas, necropolis and fortifications. Amongst the most well-known are perhaps the Lions' Gate and the Royal Gate, and the ensemble of rock art at Yazilikaya. Excavations by German – Turkish teams take place continuously since 1906. The site was included in the UNSECO list of World Heritage sites in 1986.


Alacahüyük is another Hittite city but its origins go back to the Chalcolithic period. It has important Early Bronze Age finds including 14 Royal graves of Hatti. There are also remains of chalcolithic houses as well as Hittite public buildings. There is a local museum nearby.


Sapinowa was a religious and administrative Hittite centre. It extends to over 7 km2 and the structures uncovered include two large administrational buildings plus a huge ritual area with cult buildings as well as areas where animal sacrifices took place.

Ankara - Iron Age - Phrygian


Gordion, was the capital of Phrygia. A large part of the city is excavated and holds impressive gates and ruins of the palace. The landscape around the city is dotted with tumuli (around 80). One of them is particularly large and was named as the burial site of king Midas (without much proof). Favourable conditions allowed for excellent preservation of grave goods, even wooden items as well as the burial chamber also made of wood. A small museum exhibits finds from the excavations.


Eskişehir – Iron Age Phrygian to Byzantine


Pessinus is said to be the core city for the cult of the Phrygian mother goodness Kybele and it had become a “temple” state by the 3rd BC governed by a council of priests. The Phrygian past of the city is not confirmed by excavations. Mostly ruins from the Hellenistic time and afterwards are excavated, especially the temple area, a Hellenistic palace and gymnasium and the Byzantine acropolis.

Midas city

Midas city is a cult area strewn with Phrygian rock-cut structures, stepped monuments, idols, tombs and façades the larger of which is called the Midas monument, a huge façade in the shape of a door.


Zonguldak - Classical – Roman - Byzantine

Filyos (Tios)

Filyos (Tios) is a small town in the western Black sea coastline of Turkey. Established by Miletians in the 7th BC has almost continuous occupation till modern times. The archaeological remains include the only Roman theatre unearthed in the Turkish Black Sea. Other visible remains are the aqueduct, the coastal defence walls, the port’s breakwater, (part of which are submerged in the sea but still visible), defence tower, Roman bath, the Byzantine castle with the remains of a large church and right next to it the podium of a Roman temple.


Amasra is small touristic town built on the site of the archaic colony founded by the Miletians with the name Sesamos. Most famous of the remains visible today is the tower with Roman, Byzantine and Genoese elements. The monument recently entered the UNESCO’s temporary list. There is also a small museum.

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